Caspian seal

?What is Caspian Seal and why do we need to prevent it from extinction

Caspian Seal, the only mammal in the Caspian Sea, is in danger of extinction. The total number of Caspian seals in the Caspian Sea has decreased by 90% in less than 30 years. Kilkas (Cluponella), gobies, Caspian sprats and crustaceans account for the Caspian seals diet. The species that are ill are generally slower in escaping from hunters, and thus, are easier for the Caspian seal to hunt them. In this way, Caspian seals help with eliminating the ill species from the sea. The elimination of ill species by the Caspian seal makes the future generations of these species, such as fish and crustaceans, stronger. The extinction of Caspian Seal would therefore result in the extinction of these species in the long term, which itself would cause the fishermen who feed their families off their fishing to lose their business.

The Caspian Seal breathes with its lungs and can hold their breath between 15 and 20 minutes under water. They are excellent swimmers due to their spindle-shaped body.  They are smart animals and like other mammals, they breastfeed their pups. The pups are white when they are born and turn grey or brown after one month. A Caspian seal lives for approximately 35 years. Once they become an adult, they weigh around 85 kilograms and are 1.5 meters long.

To find food, the Caspian seal generally migrate to middle and southern parts of the Caspian Sea (bordered by Iran, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan). From the third week of January until the third week of February (the month “Bahman” in Persian calendar) the Caspian Seal migrates to the northern shores of the Caspian Sea (bordered by Russia and Kazakhstan), during which the females give birth to their pups on ice sheets. An adult female Caspian seal gives birth once a year from the time that it turns 5 up to 20 years old. During each pregnancy, one pup is born.

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