According to past research, the main breeding site for seals is the north of Caspian Sea, so each year the seals begin migrating to the northern waters from the southern and middle halves of the lake at the end of the autumn season, and settle in the breeding site in January and February. Frozen and snowy surfaces on the water are the best place to give birth to these beautiful creatures because of the white color of pups and the camouflage against hunters such as eagles, wolves and even humans. Not long ago, on 2019/3/28, a report of fishermen observing two seal carcasses in the fishing net was submitted to the center. The seals were found in the net of the seine fishing companies in the city of Rudsar and in the Gaskarmahaleh area and another in the Kalachai area. At first, involving the seals in the fishing net was not strange, but after viewing the photos, we found that they were completely white and in fact this was the first time that white seals were seen on these shores, most likely were born on the Iran coasts. The center started to dissect the carcasses and the results showed that both of these seals were unfortunately killed by strangulation, but the particular thing was that they were white and fluffy, meaning that the pups were under two months old and had just come out of infancy, and even inside the digestive tract of one of them was a semi-digested fish, indicating that they were experiencing the first days of independent hunting and these pups at this age, with low weight and strength, couldn’t swim from distant lands to this area, so it is proven that for the first time Iran has witnessed the birth and regeneration of seals on its own coasts. This is not a good thing, of course, because coasts like Iran are not a good place for breeding. Due to the difficulty of camouflaging the white cover pups on our gray beaches as well as the excessive human presence and disappearance of beaches, there is no safe place for them, but this rare event is scientifically valuable and makes Iran strive to improve the security of its coasts.
Hope that one day all the countries of the region work hand in hand to save and preserve this beautiful and precious species as well as the Caspian Sea.